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RUTLAND HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



Quarterly 



Volume XXVIII No. 1 



1998 



The Civil War Diary of 
Charles B. Mead 




C/ia/fc Boardman Mead (1843-1864) 
Company F, First U.S. Sharpshooters 



Introduction 

A year ago the Rutland Historical Society's first Quarterly of 1997 offered a 
selection of the writings of Charles B. Mead, a 1 9th Century West Rutland school- 
boy. Popular and fun-loving, Mead was, for his age, a surprisingly insightful and 
sensitive writer. This current Quarterly also presents Mead as a writer - but this 
time as author of a war-time diary. At the age of twenty, Mead was fighting in the 
Civil War having volunteered for hazardous service in Company F, First U.S. 
Sharpshooters. His diary, which covers only three months (13 October to 20 
December 1863) describes his participation in the battles of Kelly's Ford, Locust 
Grove and Mine Run, He paints a touching picture of a young soldier's straggle 
with patriotism, frustration and anguish. Over all, there is evidence of the strong 
bond between young comrades which may have been their best link to sanity. 

Mead kept detailed notes of his observations throughout his period of service 
from 22 September 1862 until his death at Petersburg on 17 June 1864. His 
colonel, William Y.W. Ripley, also of Rutland, later utilized many of those records 
in his A History of Company E Ripley mourned the loss of Mead, referring to him 
as "a young man of rare promise". 

Charles Boardman Mead was born in Fair Haven on 5 April 1843, the son of 
Andrew Jackson and Ellen Boardman Mead. He had two sisters, Ellen and 
Charity, and two brothers, John and Carlos Eugene. Charles and Carlos (known 
as Gene) were especially close and enlisted and served together in Company E 
They were great-great-grandsons of CoL James Mead, Rutland's first settler. 

Charles* diary was given to the Society by Mrs. Harold G, Tedford, grand 
daughter of Charles* youngest sister, Charity, who married Walter W. Burr. The 
gift was in memory of Charity's son, Malcolm Mead Burr. A family scrapbook 
loaned to the Society by Mrs. Tedford was a rich source of additional information 
as was W.Y.W. Ripley's history of Company E No other diary of Charles Mead 
has yet surfaced. 

The text of the diary printed here begins in Brattleboro where Charles had 
been sent for treatment of wounds received at Gettysburg, He is returning to his 
unit in Virginia in high spirits and with no intimation of the terrible events await- 
ing him. 



Comments 

• Editorial comments are contained in brackets. 

• Further information on men whose names bear endnote numbers will be 
found in the Endnotes on page 18. The information has been taken from 
the Revised Roster of Vermont Volunteers in the War of the Rebellion, 
compiled under direction of Theodore S. Peck, Adjutant General. 

• Mead's spelling and abbreviations are as written by him. 

• This issue was compiled by Elaine Purdy. 



Army Life 



CHAS, B, MEAD 
Co. F IstU.S.S.S. 
West Rutland, Vt. 

"Patience is Genius" Buffon 

Patient energy will win. Mead 

October 13th 1863 

left Brattleboro Hospital at 2 P.M. on five hours notice. I went down town made 
a few purchases and said good-bye to Bingham. We (21 of us) left on the cars at 
3 P.M. Lt. Henry Nichols with his Co. on the same train, also O.P Liscomb 
[Henry J. Nichols, of Sudbury, and Master Sergeant Orlando P. Liscomb, of 
Castleton, were members of Company M, 1 1th Vermont Regiment], Chatted with 
them a good deal. Reached Springfield, Mass. at 6 P.M. staid two hours. Came 
into New Haven at Midnight. Got aboard the Continental. Slept in the hold - not 
much sleep. Came into N.Y. before morning, Cold. 

Oct 14 

At daylight we left the boat, walked along the shipping about a mile and got on 
board a little boat. Breakfasted at the Barracks. Went with S.S. and fellow on 
crutches up Broadway to Trinity Church. Went in and part way up the steeple. 
Back to boat and watched the shipping and boat crews of different nations. Five 
Russian war vessels in sight. Over to Bedloe's Island about 10 A.M. Had quite a 
good dinner. Walked over the Island and wrote letters P.M. Boys blowing about 
the corps & 3d Corps ahead. 

Oct. 15 

On fatigue Swept all the streets around the barracks A.M. Bean soup M. [noon]. 
Walked along the beach after dinner picking up shells, and looking at the ship- 
ping. The wind began to rise, and soon the water was covered with boats of all 
sizes. On fatigue again; cleaned out a paddy woman's door-yard. 

Oct. 16 

Reading Bell Brittain's letters while "on the wing". A fast, fashionable, handsome 
woman. She writes rich and racy, but not deep. Has a quick knowledge of every- 
thing. I don't like her much. In the library some, Played a game of chess with 
Shippee and got badly beaten. I cannot tire of looking at the City and the ship- 
ping. 

Oct. 17 

Finished Bell's Book A.M. Down in Chapel the rest of the morning. Read the Life 

of Demosthenes from Plutarch's Lives. Wrote a letter P.M. 



Oct. 18 Sunday 

Read the Life of Cicero, and the comparison of Demosthenes and Cicero. Reading. 

talking and musing by the seashore. 

Oct. 19 

Reading the life of Alexander. Reading, talking and looking at the bay as usual. 

Oct. 20 

Played a game of billiards A.M. Wrote a letter P.M. Reading Thaddeus of Warsaw 

by Miss Porter. 

Oct. 21 

Reading Thaddeus of Warsaw. Got my secesh blanket washed. Played a game of 

billiards. 

Oct. 22 

Finished Thaddeus of Warsaw - it is a splendid historical novel. Helped pack 70 

barrels of potatoes in a vault at the fort. 

Oct. 23 

Reading History of Greece by Dr. Goldsmith. Had an exciting discussion in the 
evening about McClellan. The Sergt. from the 2d Iowa Co. held his own. Doran 
[Probably Doran H, Stearns of Lincoln, a hospital steward] abused generally. 

Oct. 24 

Army of the Potomac men leave today. Fell in at 8 A.M. and then fell out. Tis 
a rainy day and I staid in the ward (28) most of the time reading about Alexander 
and Xerxes. Just at dark we (about 160) got on board a little tug which took us to 
the Steam-Ship-Schooner "Shetucket". I came near being left - was playing bil- 
liards. We tumbled into a dark, nasty hold that smelt strongly of tar. Went with- 
out our suppers. Lay at anchor till morning. 

Oct 25 

Ate three hard tack for breakfast. Moved down the Bay early in the morning pass- 
ing between Forts Richmond and Lafayette and Hamilton. The first motion of the 
vessel made me sickish and as soon as we got on the ocean I was a (w)retched lad. 
Oh! the horror of that day. I was dreadfully sea-sick, vomited a dozen times. In 
the afternoon tired of the bad air and sick comrades I went on deck and laid down 
on the bow. It was very cold, and the boat pitched a good deal - some waves were 
twenty-five feet high. Afterwards I went below again. Slept about two hours. The 
scene cannot be described 

Oct. 26 

Feeling some better.. Vomited once about noon when I attempted to eat a piece 
of cracker. I did not eat or drink anything for 30 hours. We are out of sight of land 
much of the time. 



Oct, 27 

Last night we entered Chesapeake Bay and today we are steaming and sailing up 
the Potomac. The stream grows less wide and sails thicker on the green water. Sick 
as usual Drank a cup of coffee, and ate two butter crackers. Lay at anchor at night. 

Oct. 28 

Passed Mount Auburn [Mount Vernon] in the morning. We catch a view of the 
house, and a glimpse at the tomb of Washington through the trees. It is sacred 
ground. Passed Fort Washington and another fort on the left bank, and soon 
Alexandria, the forts around, and Washington loomed up before our eyes. The 
Capitol with its gigantic dome is the most conspicuous object in sight. Our hateful 
voyage is nearly over. This is the worst treatment that I ever received. Nearly four 
days in a close, foul hold, not fit for hogs, with nothing to eat but hard-tack, and 
rotten bacon, and nothing to drink but water, and so horribly sick that I could eat 
but five crackers on the whole voyage. The Steward and the Officers of the boat 
neglected us, and altogether we had a DELIGHTFUL TRIP. Curses on the man 
who sent us in such a boat. Went ashore, under a heavy guard about M. Marched 
to Convalescent Camp, nearly four miles - rather rough for sick and hungry men. 
Were transferred to Distribution Camp and [?] 3d & 5th Corps. Made me a good 
supper of soft bread and butter, and coffee and milk. I seem to feel the rocking of 
the boat yet. Am sort o' sickish. Slept rather cold on the board floor of our Sibley 
tent. Slept with Houghton, Co, H., 2d Regt. On our last night on the boat a drunk- 
en Irishman kept us awake more than half of the night - had "lots" of fun with him. 

Oct, 29 

Sea sickish most of the day. Found Ed Trask 1 in the evening. He is clerk in this 

camp. Tried to draw clothing in evening, but they had nothing that I wanted. 

Oct. 30 

Went all over the Camps this morning with Ed. Only one of the boys went to work 
on the fortifications today. Had five cavities in my teeth filled P.M. Filled with 
Composition (gold, silver and platinum). Cost $4,00. Went into the libraries with 
Houghton. Talking with Trask in the evening. Commissary Sergeant 2d Regt. 
came into our tent to live. Slept with Trask. Slept nicely. 

Oct. 31 

Did not wake up till late in the morning and so lost the cook's breakfast. Ate 
bread and milk for breakfast and dinner. Went down to the Ch. Commission 
Library and looked over some illustrated papers. Took Harper's, Feb. 1856 con- 
taining a sketch of Washington by John S.C, Abbott. Had a rainy morning, but a 
pleasant afternoon. Wrote home A.M. Went with Ed Trask down to M...[?] shoe 
shop in the evening. He is doing a big business. Slept with Ed. 

November 1st Sunday 

Reading the Life of Washington by J.S.C. Abbott. Dined in the barracks. Supped 
also. Chatted with D.O.Daggett P.O. 2 some. Drew knapsack in the evening. Slept 
with Trask. 



Nov. 2 

Up before daylight drawing rations and getting ready to go to the regiment. The 
3d, 1 Ith and 12th Corps men leave this morning. Bade Trask and Daggett good 
bye about 8 o'clock A.M. and started for Alexandria. Bought some little custard 
pies- the last good pies that I shall see. Took the cars at 1 1A.M. 7 of us and 4 of 
us S.S. got into a car partly filled with grain. From Manassas Junction to 
Warrenton Junction the R.R. have been torn up by the "rebs", the ties burnt and 
the rails bent. The cars run slow. We did not reach the Junction till near sundown. 
Went 1 1/2 miles to the Corps Hd. Qr's. staid about 1/2 an hour then went to the 
Div. Hd. Qr's. then to Brig, and from there to the Regt. Hd. Qr's. and to the Co. I 
was glad to see the boys. Gene 3 dove into my valise. 

Nov. 3 

Talking all the forenoon. Wrote for Lt. Merriman 4 some. P.M. wrote home. 

Nov. 4 

Wrote Grover 5 , Reading and talking. Wrote for Co. Slept nicely. 

Nov. 5 

Went with Gene a mile after water early A.M. Cooked soup and talked with Si 6 

who is a little sick, and did not go on battalion drill. Writing for the Co. 

Nov. 6 

Wrote for hospital records of myself. While around the fire in the evening Lt, 
Merriman gave the simple order - "March at day-light". We drew soft bread and 
got more, also tea. 

Nov. 7 [Battle of Kelly's Ford] 

Up at 3 A.M. Cooked breakfast and packed up and at daylight the Div. began to 
move. We marched towards Kelley's Ford went about four miles as fast as we 
could walk before we had a halt. Our regiment passed the moving column and 
marched as flankers at the front in skirmish line. We marched in the following 
order; Corps Commander and Staff, S.S. [Sharpshooters], two sections of artillery, 
20th Ind. and 3d Mich., a battery, Div. Commander 1st Brigade, Pontoons, and the 
remainder of the Division and Corps and the 2d Corps. We made one more march 
before we got to the river, halted a few minutes and ate a little dinner - then the 
Sharp Shooters advanced to the river, drove the pickets across, and opened on a 
regiment or two across the Ford (Kelley's) - We soon skedaddled most of them. 
Our batteries are posted, and the Div. is moving towards the river. We have lost 
but few and have laid many of the rebels low. At last comes the order from Gen. 
Ward for the Sharp Shooters to cross the river. We advanced and met a galling fire 
from the rebs not more than 50 or 75 yards. Gene was struck just before we 
reached the bank of the river. The bullet struck the right thigh and passed out mak- 
ing a wound four or five inches long. 1 went back with him, found our Surgeon, 
who had his wound dressed, and Gene said he could go to the Corps Hospital 
alone. I came back to the river but our regiment was on the line. I did not know 
where. I was foot sore and tired, and concluded not to cross the river. Silas and 



Saba [?] and Wilson 7 and I staid together on the N. side of the river. Cooked a 
supper and went to bed early. The Corps has arrived the 2d and 3d Div. in posi- 
tions and formed an arc of a circle, the wings resting on the river. After a little skir- 
mishing,the firing ceased and now (8P.M.) their fires are lighted and all is quiet. 

Nov, 8 Sunday 

Got up just before daylight, washed, cooked breakfast and crossed on the pon- 
toons and joined the regiment. Pvt. Murray® is killed. Shot through the head. We 
shall miss him very much. Fitz Green Halleck 9 is shot through the calf of the leg. 
Just as we joined the regiment we fell in and moved on. The rebels left last night. 
Marched 2 or 3 miles and halted. The Corps formed ready for battle and stacked 
arms. Soon after, the 2d Corps (which crossed this morning) came up and the 1st 
Corps is near somewhere, so the Army has made a connection. Cooked some tea 
and lunched. We hear some artillery firing on our front. At 2 P.M. the Corps 
moved. We marched about W [west]. Made two halts before we reached Brandy 
Station. The Road was rather dusty. We move forward with a grand front. Saw 
Gen. Meade and other Gens. The 3d, 2d„ 1st and 5th Corps crossed at Kelley's 
Ford and the 6th Corps at Rappahannock Station. They had a right smart fight 
there yesterday evening. Took 1600 prisoners and two pieces of artillery. Some of 
the Rebels surrendered three times and the boys bayonetted some for their treach- 
ery. We learned this from Jack Quinn's brother. Went into camp to the left of 
Brandy Station just before sunset. 

Nov. 9 

Up before daylight. Cooked breakfast and packed up and waited, but did not 
march as expected. About 10 o'clock Co. F and two other Co.s were ordered to get 
ready to go on picket. Went. We were posted in squads. As soon as we halted 
Mattocks 10 and I went through the deserted camps of the rebels. They had splen- 
did Winter Quarters built. The best that I ever saw. I have seen enough houses for 
a Division, and the woods are full of them all around here. EwelPs Corps was 
here, part of which is the old Stonewall Brigade. They left in such a hurry that they 
did not march by regiments, but each man by himself as fast as they could pack 
up. Boxes of things had been sent them, and everything showed that they expect- 
ed to stay here all Winter. We found canteens, newspapers, etc., etc., etc. Peck" 
and others confiscated a nice young cow, and we have plenty of beef. Snowed 
some in the afternoon. Was "on post" from 5 to 7 and about 8 P.M. we were 
ordered to fall in hurriedly. Expected we were on a retreat, or on a flanking move- 
ment, but it turned out to be only a change of position, and we were to form a new 
picket line. Marched about 2 miles in the cold, halted a few minutes near the main 
road, then were deployed in squads as pickets. Si, I, Cross 12 , Paine 13 , Guthrie 14 and 
Page 15 . Stood my hour from 5 to 6 in the morning. Got our firewood from a fence. 
We are on a sidehill, and I without an overcoat, slept rather cold. 

Nov. 10 

Soon after breakfast Gen. Buford's Div. of Cavalry passed us on the broad plain 
in the direction of Culpeper. Our Cavalry have been through Sulphur Springs and 
Culpeper, and the Johnnys are all on the Rapidan. Advanced the Picket Line about 



noon so that we could put the House of John Minor Botts inside the lines. Built 
us a fire, and put up tent pieces but got well smoked all day. In the eve the wind 
went down, and we chatted of the war, of our wounded & killed, and of matters 
and things in general without our eyes being full of smoke. On post from 10.20 to 
11.40 P.M. 

Nov. i 1 

Were relieved about 9 or 10 A.M. and marched directly back to the woods to our 
new camp. We are ordered to build Winter Quarters but have little faith that we 
shall use them long. Policed a place for our street good, and then moved further 
to the right. Mattocks cut a few logs, and we put them together and put our tent 
over them, Si, Henry & myself have "gone in" with Peck and Thompson (Paul) 16 , 
Got some leaves and made a good bed. Slept nicely. 

Nov. 12 

No axes to build houses and scarcity of wood. Peck, Paul, Henry and I with others 
went across the picket line for boards etc. We went through a large Winter Camp 
"fixed up" finely. Brought back a load of long oak shingles that the "Johnny's" 
had split out and a square board for a writing table. Washed shirt, stockings and 
self. Cooked soup for dinner. Read etc. Fried pudden for supper. Writing in diary. 

Nov. 13 

Another beautiful day. Cleaned my gun, and wrote a little for Lt. Merriman - talking 

with him about promotions in Co. F. Wrote a long letter home P.M. 

Nov. 14 

Wrote a long letter to Mell or Sue A. Hunt A.M. Wrote to Anson EM. Signs of a 
rain. And the signs proved good - we had a right smart rain all the evening, and 
all night I guess but didn't lie awake to di skiver. Paul put our oak shingles on three 
poles which kept us as dry as - as - anything DRY. We talked and laughed all the 
evening, and slept all the night - occasionally changing position on our hard bed. 

Nov. 1 5 Sunday 

Still it rains, and we cannot cook our breakfast. About 10 o'clock it began to slack 
up. COOKED breakfast and soon the rain completely ceased, the sun shone forth, 
and nature looked gay. But we hear cannon on our front, and the orders come - be 
ready to march at short notice. Mail came in - got a Herald and the usual Tribune. 
Heard from Ed [Trask]. His "wound pains him but is doing as well as could be 
expected". Paul cooked a kettle full of soup for dinner. Wrote a letter to Aunt 
G-y [?] sending Rebel Poetry and declining invitation to visit New York. 

Nov. 16 

Were reviewed at 10 A.M. The whole Corps was out. Gen. French D. Birney 
reviewed us - officers of the British Service present - ah! Sun shine - grand spec- 
tacle, etc. 



Nov. 17 

Shaved, had hair cut A.M. P.M. Si and Henry cut some logs to build house, split 
and brought them down into the Co. street. Went to Commissary A.M. Got a ham 
etc. Heard from Gene last night - he is on his way to Vt. Grover at Boston. We're 
paid in the evening. Rec'd six months pay and $7.25 on my clothing account. 
Whole pay $85.25. 

Nov. 18 

Worked nearly all day putting up house. Nearly finished it. Slept on the ground, 
cold night. Reading papers ail the evening. Rec'd. "The New Gospel of Peace" 
from N.Y. 

Nov. 19 

Finished the log part of our house, put on the roof and plastered two sides, and 
one end. Wrote long letters home, to Gene, and to Grover in the evening. Sent 
money home to buy Illustrated Papers and sent gold pen. Drew six days rations in 
the evening. 

Nov. 20 

Had a regimental inspection at 10 A.M. and a Brigade inspection at M. Everything 
out tents. It took up all the forenoon. Dined on ham, fried tack, and tea. Henry had 
a tooth broken off by the Surgeon P.M. It pains him a good deal. Drew soft bread. 
Brigade drill - did not go out. Wrote in diary. Wright 17 came back to the Co. three 
or four days ago. 

21 

Mudded up the chimney some, but it smoked us most of the time. It is a rainy day 

and cold. Hosmer 1 * came back in the evening. 

Nov. 22 Sunday 

Had the usual inspection. Chinked and mudded some. Reports of recruiting the 
regiment - and of marching tomorrow. In the evening Lt. Merriman received a let- 
ter from E.W. Hindes' 9 saying that he was discharged on the 6th. Drew up a peti- 
tion to the Governor for the promotion of Merriman and Kinsman 20 to defeat the 
workings of Sergeant Allen 21 . Allen acts like a fool. Mike Cunningham" and 
myself went around to the boys tents to get their signatures - we got 40 names out 
of 46. 

Nov. 23 

Went to the Div. H'd. Q'rs, with Peck and put the petition into the Div. mail. 
Attempted to get an order of Capt. Hindes filled at the Brig Comm. and failed. 
Washed, Henry and I A.M. Got off battalion drill. Mudded up the other end of the 
house, and built up the chimney a little more. The old clothing of the regt. came 
back today. I did not find my bundle or Gene's. Si and Henry got theirs. But I got 
me a new green coat and a good overcoat free. We got four tent pieces and 
"kivered" our house. Battalion drill and Inspection of arms and equipments P.M. 
Supper coffee-tea, soft bread & butter, cheese, applesauce and pork. Burnham 23 
was disch'd. at Fairfax Hosp. on the 7th. 



Nov, 24 

Up about 5. Ordered to be ready to move at 7. Got ready. It commenced raining 
about 7 and there was a prospect of more. Waited 'till about 8. when the orders 
were countermanded and we put up our tents. - Sewed tares and dined. Writing 
and reading P.M. Writing all the evening. Slept nicely. 

Nov, 25 

A Pleasant day. Washed and shaved. Wrote letters, and wrote for Lt. Merriman. Si 

got a ham. some soft bread & potatoes. 

Nov. 26 

Thanksgiving Day in Vt. The "General" Call" sounded while we were getting 
breakfast. We hurried up, and got ready to march. The whole army has broke 
camp. We moved in a roundabout way to where we had been on picket, and then 
struck off for the Rapidan. We carry immense loads. Marched fast 'till about 2 
P.M. making a halt of about 15 minutes for dinner. After 2 oclock we went by jerks 
- four feet and then a halt of fifteen minutes, We worked this way 'till we reached 
the river. At sunset we halted half an hour, and cooked supper, then crossed on 
pontoons at Jacob's Mills, and camped on the S. side of the river. Tremendous 
cold night. 

Nov. 27 [Battle of Locust Grove] 

Up at 5 A.M. Got ready to march. Marched forward into the woods, formed, and 
afterwards changed our positions. We hear cannonading some and skirmishing 
around us. About 2 P.M. we marched a mile through woods into cleared lot where 
the 3d Corps was massed, and afterwards the 6th Corps. "Bot" a paper containing 
the news of Grant's victory. Skirmishing grows sharper, and we were ordered out, 
the 3d Div. ahead. The 3d Div. took the front and we rested a while 'till the fire 
increased and the Col. of the 40th ordered us up to the fence. The Rebs showed 
themselves behind a fence, across an open lot, 300 yds wide. We opened on them 
firing about 30 rounds apiece. The officers kept rushing up men to the fence 'till 
we were from 6 to 10 deep. Every bullet that came through struck some one. We 
had five wounded in our Co. and about 40 killed and wounded in the regiment. 

[This statement followed by several lines left blank] 

Hosmer was struck on the forehead over the left eye - very bad wound. Jordan 14 
got a deep wound on the posterior, Paine was shot through the right arm, Cross on 
the right hand, and Sherrod Brown 25 through the right thumb. Si was struck by a 
spent ball on the knee and Ed. Giddings 26 on the neck. Lt. C — [?] Co. K was was 
killed - jugular vein cut. 

[More blank lines] 

After the fighting was over we went back a little and rested. A Rebel battery of 2 
guns shelled the woods some. We built small fires, cooked supper after dark, and 
laid down. 



10 



Nov. 28 

Slept sweetly 'till about 3 A.M. when they woke us up. Just before daylight we 
marched by the right flank to where we were massed once before. The stragglers 
of the Co. came back. As soon as the Corps all got together we commenced to 
move. Marched S.W. about 2 miles, more, we marching through thick brush as 
flankers. Halted & cooked dinner. It commenced raining. Again we moved on in 
the rain and mud - went 2 or 3 miles and stopped. We soon went on picket reliev- 
ing the 13th Mass. 2d Div. 1st Corps, The rain has stopped and the weather is 
clearing up. Our Div. and our Corps advanced beyond us, but met with no resis- 
tance. There is a little skirmishing on our right, and about dark one of our batter- 
ies played on the rebel camp fires. We have taken our posish, and the Johnny's 
have got theirs or are leaving. At dark we were relieved by other Co.s and went 
back on the hill, and made ourselves comfortable. 

Nov. 29 Sunday 

Up early, after a sweet night's rest. Cooked breakfast, packed up & cleaned gun. We 
drew rations. Some of the boys were already out of bread. Meade orders us to "save 
all our rations as we may have to be on half rations for a few days". About 8 or 9 
oclock we moved over to a Pine woods where most of the Brig. lies. We have 
extended our left wing, and the army rests. The rebs hold their "posish" and there is 
a prospect of a fight. We are near Orange Ct. House. Laid in the woods all day. Read 
Springfield Republican. Rumors of an assault on the rebel works. Wells 27 came up 
in the evening after being absent 2 days - joking him. Slept little - very cold night. 

Nov. 30 [Battle of Mine Run] 

Roused at 4 oclock. It is a tremendous cold morning. Cooked breakfast and were 
eating it as we heard the order "fall in". Marched in the dark to the picket line, and 
relieved it. Waited in the cold 'till broad daylight. Shaking and shivering. We 
advanced a little to the edge of the woods and across a small creek. Firing between 
pickets a little. Soon a battery shelled the rebs some and we were ordered to 
advance. Our whole regiment was deployed with the 3d Mich, on our right and the 
2d USSS and another regt. on our left. Our line was over a mile long. We advanced 
half a mile across an open lot driving the "Johnnies" in a hurry. We skirmished with 
them a little from behind earthworks and fences, discovered their position and 
strength. We then retreated back nearly across the field. I hear of only one or two 
slightly wounded besides our Lt Col. Trepp [Caspar Trepp, a Swiss veteran of 
European wars] who was shot through the upper part of his head. He has only 
uttered groans since he was struck. Up to 3 RM. he is still alive; he just gasps occa- 
sionally - cannot live. It is a great loss to us all. We feel it and always shall. The reg- 
iment all liked him— On picket all day. Keeping a look out on the hill, and the rest 
around the fire in the hollow. The boys firing their extra ammunition at the rebs at 
600 yds. Capture of a deserter by Co. F. - Comical - At dark we left the line and went 
back into a Pine woods. Built good fires and things seem cheery, and good after the 
day's danger. - There has been a little artillery fire at the right and some away miles 
to the left. We have had a rumor that Gen. Warren with 40,000 men and two Div. of 
cavalry have gone around to the left of the rebs, and have expected to hear from him 
all the afternoon - -. Evening, all is quiet. Si is on outpost duty tonight. 



11 



DECEMBER 1st 

Col. Trepp died at 12 1/2 oclock last night. He was buried this morning, but was 

afterwards taken up by order of Gen. Birney and taken back with the army. 

We went back behind our line of intrenchments near 10 oclock, relieved by the 
40th N.Y. (who took the prisoners at Kelley's Ford)? We drew large rations of 
fresh beef- Co. F had a hind quarter. Had orders P.M. to pack up, and be ready to 
fall in immediately. We expected a retreat - 24 hours ago - the army seems to know 
what is to be done, as well as the Generals, Waited 'till about 8 in the evening 
before we moved. Went about a mile, when we halted, about three quarters of an 
hour - it was bitter cold, and no wood was handy, so the boys set fire to the dry 
grass, burned the head board and outside coffin of the Col. while another regiment 
set a nigger shanty on fire lighting up everything for half a mile - the officers were 
mad, but it was of no use. We moved slowly along for a couple of miles, so slow 
that the boys would march past the regiment, and sit down by the fires that burnt 
along our route, and wait for the regiment to come up. Soon we struck what the 
boys call "the Birney gait" -(a cross between the double-quick and a fast walk); 
we crossed a long corduroy bridge, passed along a narrow road, struck across lots, 
and found ourselves on the Fredericksburg and Gordonsville plank road. We 
passed several batteries, passed a Div. or two of the 2d Corps who were marching 
beside us, and still we tore on in a heathenish gait, sometimes on a double quick: 
camp fires blaze in the distance, we near them, find them to be the fire of troops 
cooking coffee, but the halt is not for us. We still move on, see more fires in the 
distance: near them: pass them - thus we passed the 6th Corps and the 2d Corps, 
and Cavalry Camps, and still we move on for miles and miles without a halt, and 
marching 5 or 6 miles an hour. The roadsides are lined by stragglers - our feet are 
sore, and our shoulders lame - the cold stars seem to look down pityingly upon us 
as we toil wearily along. We have marched for miles on the old plank road: we see 
troops turning into the woods on the left, we think it is a halt, but no, it is only the 
road that leads to a ford on the river. On - On - we are ready to drop with fatigue, 
but we obey our Commanders and still march. Not 'till we had a dozen times 
imagined we heard the troops crossing, Not 'till we had long travelled a rough 
road, not 'till the daylight had made our way plain did our awful night march 
come to an end. We crossed on the 8 boats that spanned the Rapidan at Ely's Ford 
and climbed the steep hill on the opposite side and - at last - HALTED. Our four 
full ranks had dwindled to a skirmish line - Our regiment stacked only about 75 
guns. We all feel nearer dead than alive. We have had a chance to sit down only 
about 15 minutes on the whole night's march. I was so sleepy and tired that I often 
fell asleep while marching. Words fail to describe the march - it must be endured 
to be appreciated, felt to be known. It is one of the very hardest that the army has 
ever made. 

Dec. 2 

Cooked breakfast - then Henry and I rolled ourselves in the blankets and slept 'till 
near noon, when we were ordered up, packed up in a hurry, and marched half a mile, 
where we staid 'till 2 or 3 RM. Cooked supper. The Battery of Parrotts at the Ford 
spoke a few times to some rebel cavalry that they saw in the distance. Our Corps 

12 



and the 2d Corps has ail crossed at this ford, and only some of our cavalry remain 
on the opposite side of the river. The Pontoons are up long ago, and the stragglers 
are up or taken prisoners. The "General" sounds at Brig. H'd Qr's and we fall in and 
march. Marched rapidly 'till sunset when the Corps halted in an Oak woods. "Halt 
an hour to cook coffee" are the orders. Cooked coffee, and the order came "Halt 
three hours more". We undo our blankets, and curl down on our leafy bed. 

Dec. 3 

Slept like rocks 'till the bugle sounded; up, and on again. The trains have rattled 
by us, the "Johnny" prisoners have gone on and the road is clear, excepting the 
pontoon train. We marched rapidly for about three miles, when Silas, Henry and 
I fell out to cook coffee and rest. After a halt we marched on (Guthrie with us) in 
the clear road. It is easier marching alone, and we can rest when we choose. The 
reserve artillery, and some of the baggage trains are halted for the night. We pass 
them and come up with the pontoon train. It is with terribly sore feet that we move 
on. We make a short halt every half or third of a mile, which makes it much eas- 
ier than marching in the ranks. We alternately passed, and fell behind the pon- 
toons. Towards morning we came upon familiar ground, and at daylight arrived in 
our old camp, a few minutes ONLY behind the regiment. 

Cleaned up our house. Cooked breakfast, built a fire. Washed - the first time for 
days, and went to bed. Slept VERY soundly into the afternoon. At dark we went 
to bed and slept like logs 'till 9 A.M. tomorrow. 

Dec. 4 

Two of Botts' hogs were running about camp. Sharp's rifles were pointed at them, 
and they died - Si got a splendid piece, and we feast on the lucious meat. Two or 
three mails came in today. Elbridge M. Hosmer's body came to camp to day. He 
died last night at half past two. His wound was dressed but once, and he has had 
no other care. It is sad, very sad for him to die. He leaves a fine woman and two 
charming children to mourn his loss. Noble, heroic man, - he sealed his devotion 
to his country with his life. 

Went about noon to witness the execution of H. Hunter Co. G 3d Mich, "to be shot 
to death for desertion", The whole Div. was out. The usual ceremonies were gone 
through with, and the man was launched into eternity. He seemed sad, but 
resolved. 

Late in the afternoon the Co. went to do the saddest duty of a soldier - to bury a 
comrade killed in battle - Slowly, sadly, we carried Hosmer across the fields, low- 
ered him into the "sacred soil", (Made sacred by his life's blood) and fired the vol- 
leys over his grave. Oh! My God! that we could be spared such scenes - but this 
is only part of WAR. 

It was last night, about half-past ten oclock that the "General" sounded. We 
packed up, cooked a supper, and stacked arms, and about midnight the order was 
countermanded - WHAT FOOLERY! ! ! 



13 



Dec. 5 th 

Henry and Si got some boards, and built a door. At this time about 1 P.M. the 
"General" sounded, and we packed up. The Col was buried in the same little lot 
with Hosmer, and at dark he was again disinterred, and taken to N.Y. Lt. Ashman 
[Aschmann, Company A] has gone with the body. 

We waited 'till 9 P.M. when the marching orders were countermanded. Drew soft 
bread. 

Sunday Dec. 6th 

Put up our tent the first thing in the morning. Our fire place began to smoke us, and 
we had to mud it, and board it inside and out. Stole some of Botts' rails. Had our usual 
Inspection. A cold night: the ground froze several inches, and the brook froze over. 

Dec. 7 

Henry mudded the house. Put up hooks for our guns. Henry went to Commissary, 
and Si and I washed. Wrote a letter home containing 19 pages. In the evening 
Grover, Griffin 28 , and Fields 29 came back to the Co. 

Dec. 8 

Fixed an end for our seat to slide on. We begin to live better. Breakfasted on pork 
and beans, bread, butter, cheese, and tea. Wrote in diary A.M. Went to 
Commissary (Div.) with Si P.M. Wrote to Gene in evening. 

Dec. 9 

Writing A.M. Wrote in diary. Wrote a business letter for Griffin, and wrote for Lt. 

Merriman. 

Dec. 10th 

Si and I went over to the 3d Mich, and ground our new hatchet, and then walked 
over to the picket line, got some nails and boards from a nearly stripped house. In 
the afternoon we put up our table, and a shelf, and "fixed" a candlestick. Our 
house is now "comfortably" FURNISHED, and if we stay long enough we will 
have it "Elegantly" FURNISHED. 

Henry is suffering from a felon on the little finger of his right hand. It pains him 
most of the time. Reading Harper's papers, etc., in the eve - Peck "called in" to 
see "Susan". 

Dec. 1 1 

Chopped wood some A.M. Writing P.M. Henry had his finger lanced to the bone. 

Some rain. 

Dec, 12 

Chopped A.M. Si on fatigue. Went to Culpeper for boards for the officer's use. 
Tore them off a splendid Mansion - deserted. Went with him in the afternoon to 
get the hatchet and Peck's axe ground. Went to Williams' Charge Woods' House. 
Got some bread & milk and a canteen of milk, a great luxury. 

Reading the Springfield Republican in the evening - "Our Campaign", "Butler Etc .". 

14 



Dec. 5 th 

Henry and Si got some boards, and built a door. At this time about 1 P.M. the 
"General" sounded, and we packed up. The Col. was buried in the same little lot 
with Hosmer, and at dark he was again disinterred, and taken to N.Y. Lt, Ashman 
[Aschmann, Company A] has gone with the body. 

We waited 'till 9 P.M. when the marching orders were countermanded. Drew soft 
bread. 

Sunday Dee. 6th 

Put up our tent the first thing in the morning. Our fire place began to smoke us, and 
we had to mud it, and board it inside and out. Stole some of Botts' rails. Had our usual 
Inspection. A cold night; the ground froze several inches, and the brook froze over. 

Dec. 7 

Henry mudded the house. Put up hooks for our guns. Henry went to Commissary, 
and Si and I washed. Wrote a letter home containing 19 pages. In the evening 
Grover, Griffin 28 , and Fields 29 came back to the Co, 

Dec. 8 

Fixed an end for our seat to slide on. We begin to live better. Breakfasted on pork 
and beans, bread, butter, cheese, and tea. Wrote in diary A.M. Went to 
Commissary (Div.) with Si P.M. Wrote to Gene in evening, 

Dec. 9 

Writing A.M. Wrote in diary. Wrote a business letter for Griffin, and wrote for Lt. 

Merriman. 

Dec, 10th 

Si and I went over to the 3d Mich, and ground our new hatchet, and then walked 
over to the picket line, got some nails and boards from a nearly stripped house. In 
the afternoon we put up our table, and a shelf, and "fixed" a candlestick. Our 
house is now "comfortably" FURNISHED, and if we stay long enough we will 
have it "Elegantly" FURNISHED. 

Henry is suffering from a felon on the little finger of his right hand. It pains him 
most of the time, Reading Harper's papers, etc., in the eve - Peck "called in" to 
see "Susan". 

Dec. 11 

Chopped wood some A.M. Writing P.M. Henry had his finger lanced to the bone. 

Some rain. 

Dec, 12 

Chopped A.M. Si on fatigue. Went to Culpeper for boards for the officer's use. 
Tore them off a splendid Mansion - deserted. Went with him in the afternoon to 
get the hatchet and Peck's axe ground. Went to Williams' Charge Woods' House. 
Got some bread Si milk and a canteen of milk, a great luxury. 

Reading the Springfield Republican in the evening - "Our Campaign", "Butler Etc .". 

14 



Conclusion 



Although Mead's succeeding and final diary is not available, it is possible to 
partially re-construct the weeks leading up to his death at Petersburg through 
some passages from his letters home. These quotations are from the funeral ser- 
mon preached for Charles by the Reverend Henry M. Grout on 3 July 1864 at the 
West Rutland Congregational Church. 

The Rev. Grout tells of Charles' April letter "dividing his playful thoughts 
between memories and imaginations of home, and his own surroundings and 
doings..." However, on 13 May, [following the Battle of the Wilderness] Charles 
wrote: "I am still alive and well. I can hardly realize that 1 have passed untouched 
through the bloody battles of the past few days. God's mercy alone has given a 
safe direction to the streams of lead and iron that I have passed through. - We 
marched on the night of May 3rd - the next night camped on the old battlefield of 
Chancellorsville - On the 5th went in 'in a skirmish' - We lost heavily; five killed 
and four wounded in our Company. I had two bullets strike my knapsack - one of 
them stopping in my portfolio and saving my life. May 6th was the hardest battle 
of the campaign - was in, several times. Fought again on the 7th and again yes- 
terday (the 12th) when we charged in skirmish line on the rebel earth-works. We 
are determined and confident." 

In a May 17th letter he paid tribute to a fallen comrade [probably Henry 
Mattocks]: "He did what he could. Never did a braver soldier breathe. He died all 
the hero, laying his priceless life on the altar of his country - 1 am sad, - sick, - at 
the slaughter in our company and army. I have seen enough to sicken anyone to 
the very soul We are winning victories, but at a fearful cost. I feel the danger at 
every skirmish I go in .... Never fear for me, but pray for the country." 

The Rev. Grout expressed concern that Charles as a youth had professed no 
Christian hope, but Grout found some comfort in a letter written to A. J. Mead, 
Charles' father. Charles wrote of the certainty he felt that, were surroundings favor- 
able, he should be a Christian - "But here," Charles wrote, "everything sets strongly 
against morals and religion. We have no chaplain in the Regiment, scarcely any in 
the Brigade. Meetings are very seldom in our vicinity, - and thus I drift on" 

Sadly, the next news of Charles was of his death at Petersburg on 17 June 
1864. The Rev. Grout quotes from a letter written by Charles 5 brother, Eugene, 
who was his constant companion: "We were aroused before light, and marched in 
front of our position to silence the sharp-shooters. We made rifle pits, and as soon 
as it was light began to shoot them. It was about 7 A.M. as we were all watching, 
that Charlie was hit. I was in the same pit, also David Loran 31 , the Indian. We had 
a pole on sticks to shoot under, and just room enough to stick our guns through. 
The ball went through the rail. - The Indian said - 'A good shot*. Charley did not 
say anything about it. I looked around at him, - he was lying on his knapsack on 
his side as though asleep. I spoke to him, but he did not answer. I went to him, and 
the blood was trickling down from his head. He was shot in the top of his head, 
about an inch above and behind the ear. I took him back a little, and into a small 
hut and staid with him. He never spoke after he was hit, but moaned, and was not 
sensible that anything was going on around him. He died at half past eight." 

16 



Charles' burial is described in a letter from Eugene which was published in 
the Rutland Courier: "It was impossible to bring him off in daylight without the 
men getting hit. Capt. Merriman sent word to me to come in and pick out a place. 
I did so and was not shot at but a few times. After making a coffin, and getting 
things ready, we carried him on a tent piece tied to two rifles. We had no services 
except the sharp reports of the shelled guns, and the shrieking of the enemies' 
shells, as they burst, scattering their hissing fragments all around us. The 
Company stood around the grave, they had faced death without a quickening 
pulse, had not moved at a passing shrieking shell, but now the tears rolled down 
their powder-blackened faces. I want you should bury Charlie at home; he was as 
brave a soldier as ever faced a foe." 

As Eugene wished, Charles' body was returned home to the family plot in 
West Rutland's Pleasant Street Cemetery. His grave is in sight of the West 
Mountains which he faithfully sketched in 1861 and which graced the cover of the 
Society's first Quarterly in 1997. 



The Sharpshooters 

The Sharpshooters were an elite group consisting of the "best and most 
expert rifle shots in the Northern states." Each recruit had to participate in a 
public trial requiring him to place ten bullets in succession within a ten-inch 
ring at a distance of 200 yards. Any style of rifle was allowed excluding those 
with telescopic sights. The applicant was allowed to shoot from any position 
he chose, only being required to shoot from the shoulder. 

Sharpshooters wore distinctive uniforms consisting of green cloth coats, 
blouses, pants and caps; also leather leggings and knapsacks of leather tanned 
with the hair on. Always in the forefront and often isolated from the main 
body of the army, men of the S.S. learned to depend upon one another. They 
were justly proud of their reputation for independence, coolness and tenacity. 
Their extreme vulnerability is obvious from the heavy losses they suffered. 

When men of Company F were entitled to discharge on 12 September 1864, 
there were left of the original 103 men who had been mustered into U.S. ser- 
vice only 25 present and absent. Of these, six re-enlisted. The remaining 19 
elected for honorable discharge, but only nine were present to be mustered 
out. The others were absent - sick, wounded or on detached service. By 
December so few men were left that Company F ceased to exist and its mem- 
bers were transferred to Company E, 2d U.S. Sharpshooters. By 25 February 
1 865 the consolidated battalion of Sharpshooters was a mere skeleton. It, too, 
was dissolved with Vermonters being assigned to Company G, Fourth 
Vermont Volunteers. 

The U.S. Sharpshooters received high praise from Division Commander 
General Philip Regis de Trobriand for their "glorious record" and "good and 
efficient service". 



17 



Endnotes 

Company F Comrades Mentioned in Charles Mead's Diary 

Trask, Edward D., Hartford; Prom. Corp., I June '62; Wd. 4 May '63; killed in action 5 
May '64. 

2 Daggett, David 0., Rockingham; Tr. to Veteran Reserve Corps 15 Mch '64; 
Must, out 13 Sept. '64. 

3 Mead, C. Eugene, Rutland; Prom. Corp., 15 Aug '63; Wd. 7 Nov. '63 and 11 
Sept. '64; taken pris. 22 June '64; par, - ; Tr. to Co. E 2d U.S.S.S. 23 Dec. '64; 
do. to Co. G 4th Vt., 25 Feb. '65; Must out 19 June '65. 

4 Merriman, Charles D., Capt., Brattleboro; Corp.; Prom. Sergt. 1 Dec. '62; do. 
2d Lieut. 21 Feb. '63; do. 1st Lieut. 15 May '63; Must, out 13 Sept. '64. 

5 Grover, Lyman D., Wardsboro; Prom. Corp. 1 Dec. '62; do. Sergt. 3 July '63; 
Wd. 2 July '63 and 22 June '64; Must, out 12 Sept' 64. 

biddings, Silas, Ira; Wd. 18 June '64; Tr. to Co E 2d U.S.S.S. 23 Dec. '64; do. 
to Co G 4th Vt. 25 Feb. '65; Must, out 19 June '65. 

"Wilson, William W„ Rockingham; Died 13 May '64 of wds. received 5 May '64. 

^Murray, Patrick, Rutland; Killed in action 7 Nov. '63. 

"Hallock, Fitz Green, Burlington; Wd. 7 Nov. '63; Must out 12 Sept. '64. 

l0 Mattocks, Henry, Tinmouth; Prom. Corp. 1 March '64; Wd. 7 May '64; killed in 
action 13 May '64. 

11 Peck, Cassius, Brookfield; Prom. Corp. 1 Dec. '62; do. Sergt. 1 May *63; Must, 
out 12 Sept. '64. [received Medal of Honor] 

,2 Cross, Artemas C, Waltham; Killed in action 5 May '64. 

L1 Paine, Eugene, Brookfield; Wd. 27 Nov. '63; Must, out 12 Sept. '64. 

,4 Guthrie, James H,» Ryegate; Re-en 2 Jan. '64; taken pris. 5 May '64; Par.-; Tr. 
to Co. G 4th Vt; Prom. Corp. 20 June '65; Must, out 13 July '65. 

,5 Page, John C, Ryegate; Wd. 5 May '64; Tr. to Co. E 2d U.S.S.S. 23 Dec. '64; 
do. to Co. G 4th Vt. 25 Feb '65; Must, out 19 June '65. 

'Thompson, Paul M„ Ferrisburgh; Prom. Corp. 1 Dec *62; do. Sergt. 1 July '63; 
taken pris. 5 May '64; par.-; Must, out 5 Apr. '65. 

l7 Wright, Spafford A., Monkton; Wd. 5 May '64; Must, out 13 Sept. '64. 

lg Hosmer, Elbridge, Middlebury; Prom. Corp. 1 Dec. '62; Wd. 4 May '63; died 4 
Dec. '63 of wounds received 27 Nov. '63, 



18 



l9 Hindes, E. Wiltsey, Capt., Rutland; Sergt.; Prom. 2d. Lieut. 2 Aug '62; do. 1st 
Lieut. 21 Feb. '63; disch. 7 Nov. '63 for disab. 

20 Kinsman, Henry E., 1st Lieut., Royalton; 1st Sergt.; Prom. 2d Lieut. 15 May '63; 
Wd. 7 May '64; Must, out 13 Sept. '64. 

2 'Allen, Lewis J., 2d Lieut., Ferrisburgh; Sergt.; Re-en. 2 Jan '64; Prom. 1st Sergt.; 
Wd. 27 May '62 and 5 May '64; Disch. as 1st Sergt. 9 Oct. '64. 

"Cunningham, Michael, Middlebury; Prom. Corp.; Wd. 4 May '63 and 4 May 
'64;Tr.toCo.E2dU.S.S.S. 23 Dec. '64; do. to Co. G 4th Vt. 25 Feb. '65; Disch. 
14 May '65 for wounds. 

23 Burnham, Alfred S., Charlotte; Disch. 7 Nov. '63 for disab. 

24 Jordan, Charles M., Isle La Motte; Prom. Corp., 1 Dec. '62; Wd. 27 Nov. '63; 
Tr. to V.R.C. 8 June '64; Must, out 31 Aug. '64. 

25 Brown, Sherrod, New Haven; Wd. 27 Nov. '63; Tr. to V.R.C. 15 May '64; Disch. 
20 Sept. '65. 

26 Giddings, Edwin, Rutland; Killed in action 7 May '64. 

27 Wells, William, Jr., Brookfield; Taken pris. 8 May '64 and died at Florence, S.C., 
Sept. '64. 

28 Griffin, Almon d., Musician, Waterbury; Des. 22 Feb. '62; Ret'd 31 Mch '63; 
Wd. 4 May '63 and 12 June '64; Disch. 26 Oct '64 for disab. 

:9 Field, Alphonzo L., Cavendish; Tr. to Co. E 2d U.S.S.S. 23 Dec. '64; do. to Co. 
G 4th Vt. 25 Feb. '65; Must, out 19 June '65. 

30 Sanford, Ozias, Cornwall; Tr. to Co. E 2d U.S.S.S. 23 Dec. '64; do. to Co. G 4th 
Vt. 25 Feb. '65; Must, out 19 June '65. 

3l Loran, David, Alburgh; Tr. to Co. E 2d U.S.S.S. 23 Dec. '64; do, to Co. G 4th 
Vt. 25 Feb. '65; Prom. Corp. 20 June '65; Must, out 13 July '65. 



19 



Addenda to Diary 



CASH 

1863 Paid 

On hand Nov. 3d $5.25 

Nov. 13 5 lbs. sugar $ .70 

17 From Paul for sugar .25 
Silas - gold pen $3.00 

Paymaster - 6 mos, pay and clo. acct $85.25 

1 lb. candles .25 

ham, .95 

4 Ibs.sugar .45 2.35 

16 Chess & chequer board .10 

18 Rec f d $1.00 from Steams [?] for valise. 

19 Sent Home for Harper's 3.00 
" Grover for pictures 2.00 

23 Cheese .20 

Si $1.00 to counter balance 

Ten [?] copies proceedings at Gettysburg .25 

Candle $.05 

25 Henry - wash brush $.25 

Ed. Trask for letters USSS .25 

DEC. 7 1 lb. butter (60) 1 quire paper (25) and 1 botle ink (10) 

amounted to .95 

8 Rec'd. of Grover which he did not use $2.60 

the .60 is an old acct. 

PAGE 2 CONTINUED Brought Forward 9.80 

Rec'd in all $99.15 



8 


Commissary stores 


1.91 




Sent home by express last mo. 


50.00 


12 


1/2 lb. butter (.30) Canteen milk .25 


.55 


14 


Apples 


.75 




Butter, 1/2 lb. 


.30 




tin plate 


.20 


15 


Commissary stuff 


.65 




Epitome of the War and Map 


.25 


16 


Sent home for map and stamps 


LOO 


17 


Ed for Diary 


1.00 


18 




1.00. 



$3.64 I have kept no account of — - 
20 



67.41 



GIVE PHOTOGRAPHS TO Mother, Nelly, Chicky, Jock, myself. 



x Aunt Frances 

Uncle Henry 

Uncle Grafton 

Electa 

Anna 
x Holly 
x San ford 
x Cunningham 
x Gordon 
x S. Brown 
x Morgan 
x L- Thompson 
x Gale 
x Peck 
x Harrington 
x Allen 
x Higgins 
x Wilson 
x Dorsay [?] 
x Leyman [?] 
x Aunt Caroline 
x H. Barnum 
x Grover 
x Paul 
x Griffin 

Nancy 

Bell 

Aunt Jasey 



MEMORANDA 
Tell Cash Peck to write 
to Jack Cross, and 
Steve to write to 
Woolley 

Q.P.L. 

Co. M 1 1th Vt. 

"Nancy" Toronto, 
Canada West 



Charity (Chicky) was the 
youngest sister of Charles. 



x Mother 
x myself 
x Woolley 
x Hosmer 

Len Morgan 
x Bohonon 
x Perry 
x Ed Trask 
x D.O. Daggett 

H.H. Houghton 

Gov. Pease 

Anson 

Kelleys 

Abner 

Harry Porter 
x Lt. Merriman 
x Lt. Kinsman 

Wright 
x "Si" 
x "Henry" 

"Ed" 
x Cross 

Jack Cross 
x Grover 







S ( / - £ 




^ ^ ^J 





21 



1863 
Oct. 17 



Received 



Mother Oct. 12 
Mother Oct. 21 
Bell Oct. 12 
Nancy Seagar Oct. 4 
"Mall" Oct. 14 
E.D.&E.A. K. Oct. 23&27 



LETTERS 

Written 

Oct. 13 
14 
16 

17 
20 



10 Letter from Mother to Gene 



Dec 



12 


Mother & Father 




Two letters from Aunt 


13 


[?] N.Y 
Anson 


16 

22 


Vert [Vera?] 

Gene and Grover (14) 

Mother and chess board 


24 


Bell 


3, 4 & 5 Mother, Gene, Vert, 
Kelleys, Capt Daggett, 
Trask & Sue 


10 

12 
14 


Father & Mother (7) 
Aunt Frances & Geny 
Cassius Cross 


17 


Father & Mother 



Nov. 



31 
3 
4 
11 
13 
14 



15 

16 

19 

23 

24 
25 




Dec. 3 



11 

12 
16 
17 
19 



Wrote home and to Vera 

Wrote home and to Gene 

Wrote to E.A.& E.D.Kelley 

Wrote to Anna Clement 

Wrote to Anson 

Wrote to Bell enclosing 

photograph 

Wrote to M.L.H.f?] enclosing 

photograph 

Wrote home 

Wrote home 

Wrote to Grover 

Wrote home 

Wrote home 

Wrote to Sue A Hearst[?] 

or Mall 

Wrote to Anson 

Wrote to Aunt Gen NY. 

Wrote to Kelleys,Vert, 

and for chequer board 

Wrote home, Gene & Grover 

Wrote for Everett's oration at 

Gettysburg 

Wrote to Nancy Seagar 

Wrote to Ed Trask and 

D.O.Daggett 

Wrote home 

Wrote home 19 pages 

Wrote to Gene 

Wrote to Bell and 

Kelleys 

Wrote to Vert 

Wrote home 

Wrote to Sue 

Wrote to Cross and to 

Trask 



-^-Charles Mead's small leather diary was 
carried in this homespun bag which was cut 
from one piece of material and hand-sewn, 
most likely by Charles himself. 



22 




(Above) Site of monument to Co. F at the Gettysburg battlefield. Members of the 
Company present at the dedication were: (I to r) Unknown, Charles W. Peck, 
Cassias [Cash] Peck, Capt. Charles D. Merriman, Unknown, Silas [Si] Giddings, 
Gen. W.Y.W. Ripley, Unknown and Edward F. Jackson. (Below) Co. F Monument 
as it appears today. 




23 



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NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATION 

U.S. POSTAGE 

PAID 

Rutland, Vermont 
Permit No. 12 




The number and code on the address label above indicates your dues status.